Exploring the Beauty and History of Berlin’s Gendarmenmarkt


Gendarmenmarkt, also known as the Gendarmen Square, is one of the most beautiful and historic squares in Berlin, Germany. Located in the heart of the city, it is a popular tourist destination and a hub of cultural events and activities. This grand square is surrounded by three magnificent buildings: the Konzerthaus, the French Cathedral, and the German Cathedral. In this Pankow Blog post, we will explore the history, architecture, and attractions of Gendarmenmarkt in detail.

2015-09-23 Berlin, PankowHistory

Gendarmenmarkt has a rich and fascinating history that dates back to the 17th century. Originally, this square was called Linden-Markt and served as a marketplace for farmers and merchants to sell their goods. In 1736, King Friedrich Wilhelm I decided to establish a garrison of soldiers on this square, which is why it was then named Gendarmenmarkt. The square was also used for military parades and drills during this time.


The three buildings that surround Gendarmenmarkt are a true marvel of architecture. The Konzerthaus, built in the 19th century, is a concert hall that is known for its exceptional acoustics and hosts some of the best classical music performances in the city. The French Cathedral, also known as the Church of Friedrichstadt, was built in the 18th century and is a prime example of Baroque architecture. The German Cathedral, located opposite the French Cathedral, was built in the 18th century and is known for its impressive dome and stunning interior.


Apart from the impressive buildings, Gendarmenmarkt is home to several other attractions that make it a must-visit for tourists. One of the most popular attractions is the Christmas market that is held here every year. The square is transformed into a winter wonderland with festive lights, traditional food and drinks, and stalls selling handcrafted gifts and decorations. Another major event held at Gendarmenmarkt is the Classic Open Air, a summer festival that features open-air concerts, film screenings, and culinary delights.

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Another must-see attraction at Gendarmenmarkt is the famous statue of Friedrich Schiller, the German poet and playwright. The statue was erected in 1871 and is a popular spot for taking photos. The square also has several cafes and restaurants where you can sit and enjoy the beautiful surroundings while sipping on a cup of coffee or indulging in some local cuisine.

Nearby Attractions

Gendarmenmarkt is not just a square, but it is also surrounded by several other attractions that are worth visiting. Just a short walk away is the famous Brandenburg Gate, one of the most iconic landmarks in Berlin. You can also visit the Berlin Cathedral, a stunning church that is known for its impressive dome and beautiful interior. The Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is also located close to Gendarmenmarkt and is home to several museums and galleries.


In conclusion, Gendarmenmarkt is a must-visit destination in Berlin for its rich history, stunning architecture, and various attractions. Whether you are interested in history, music, or simply want to soak in the beauty of this grand square, there is something for everyone at Gendarmenmarkt. So, if you are planning a trip to Berlin, make sure to add Gendarmenmarkt to your itinerary and experience the charm and beauty of this historic square.